ICB’s graduate programs started in 1971 when its first Graduation Committee started its operations.
ICB offers Graduate programs in the following areas: Cell and Tissue Biology, Host-Pathogen Relationship Biology, Morphofunctional Sciences, Pharmacology, Human Physiology, Immunology and Microbiology. There are about 600 students enrolled in these programs at the Master’s or Doctoral levels. The majority of these students receive grants or scholarships from various funding agencies such as FAPESP, CAPES and CNPq.
So far the Institute has issued about 3005 titles of Master and Doctor in Sciences. ICB is responsible for the academic, administrative and financial management of an inter-unit program, the Graduate Program in Biotechnology, which assembles the Institute of Biosciences, Escola Politécnica, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry and Instituto Butantã.
COORDINATION OF GRADUATE COURSES
ICB’s Graduation Committee of ICB, formed by representatives of all programs, coordinates the Graduate programs, drawing up their guidelines and supervising compliance with the regulations and good quality of the programs.
Each of the programs is managed by a Graduation Studies Coordination Office formed by three to five teaching staff members from the respective program. The individual management of the programs and its students is handled by the respective Graduation Departments and globally by ICB’s Graduate Department of Academic Assistance. Enrollments, completion of forms and other legal activities are carried out online through USP’s Fênix /Janus systems.
INTERDEPARTMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRAM
This is an Inter-unit Program with the following participating units: Escola Politécnica (EP), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Husbandry (FMVZ), Institute of Biosciences (IB), Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICB), Instituto Butantan (IB), Institute of Technological Research (IPT).
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN CELL AND TISSUE BIOLOGY
The mission of the Cell and Tissue Biology Program is to produce highly qualified Masters and Doctors to work in the research and teaching of topics related to cell and tissue biology at universities and research institutes.
The Cell and Tissue Biology Program was created in 1996 from the reformulation of the old Histology Program, to provide students with the necessary theoretical and practical grounding to develop and to answer questions about different aspects of the morphology, physiology, biochemistry and development of cells, tissues and organisms. Since its creation the program has presented a multidisciplinary focus, has about 24 supervisors and several lines of research, has produced 67 masters and 52 doctors and has published more than 300 scientific articles in indexed international journals. The Program maintains cycles of seminars on ground breaking topics of knowledge, coordinates and takes part in 38 departmental and 6 supra-departmental disciplines, encourages the participation of its students in extracurricular activities, sandwich scholarships, and in the publication of their results.
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN HOST-PATHOGEN-RELATIONSHIP BIOLOGY
The chief proposal of the Host-Pathogen Relationship Biology Program is to offer the students a comprehensive education in the areas of Cell Biology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of parasites, emphasizing knowledge of contemporary aspects of interaction of parasites with their hosts and vectors. The various areas of activity of the supervisors, and the disciplines offered, enable the students to receive a general basic and multidisciplinary education that is supplemented, according to the different research projects, in order to qualify the students in more specific areas. Our goal is to produce masters and doctors prepared for scientific investigation and teaching in the different fields of contemporary parasitic biology. They are offered lines of research that cover pathogens considered important in human and veterinary medicine, free-living or nonpathogenic species used as models in various studies and vectors.
Our supervisors develop projects in the following areas of concentration: Cell and Molecular Parasitology; Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Entomology; Control of Vectors; Molecular and Population Genetics; Evolution, Phylogeny, Taxonomy and Diagnosis of Parasites; Immunology and Bioinformatics. The Program targets a highly diversified audience, receiving students that have graduated in Biology, Medicine, Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Biomedicine, Veterinary Medicine and other similar areas. This diversity of areas, specialties and target audience guarantees the Program’s multidisciplinary approach.
All students have access to the infrastructure of the Department of Parasitology, headquarters of the program, which contains several facilities and equipment of common use. Breeding and research/experimentation vivariums and insect vivariums are used by the supervisors and students of ICB.
Some projects of graduate students are partially conducted at the subunit of Monte Negro, in Rondônia. This laboratory is well equipped for the performance of surveys and isolation of microorganisms, basic techniques in Molecular Biology and Serology, research on vectors, capture and handling of wild animals, etc. It has accommodation for professors and students.
The teaching staff of our Graduate Program is currently composed of 37 supervisors, with 26 permanent supervisors who regularly supervise graduate students in the Program, and 7 collaborating professors. Most of the program’s supervisors maintain research projects in collaboration with researchers from various Brazilian and foreign institutions. These collaborations include the reception of and visits by teachers and students to these institutions.
On average we have 100 students enrolled in our Program, more than 60% in the Doctorate program. In recent years, the scientific production of the Program’s teaching staff has remained constant in terms of number of papers published, with a significant increase in the quality of articles. This quality can be gauged by the grade 5 conferred by CAPES.
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN MORPHOFUNCTIONAL SCIENCES
Currently with 41 students and 9 supervisors, the Program has implemented several morphologic and molecular biology techniques, such as: cell culture, neuronal tracers, histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, ultra-structure, radioimmunoassay, RT-PCR, Northern and Western blotting, among others.
The lines of research of the Morphofunctional Sciences Program encompass several biological specialties, such as: the role of the adrenocorticotrophic hormone in the cell cycle of cells from the adrenal gland, the renin-angiotensin system and its interaction with the thyroid hormone in cardiovascular morphology, the neural systems involved in reflexes and circardian rhythms, the neural routes involved in the control of energy balance, the anatomical organization of neuropeptides and/or hormones in the central nervous system of mammals related to stress and motivated behaviors, morphology of the visceral nerve plexuses, the neural circuits involved in the control of motivated behaviors, the osseointegration process in dental implants, aging and its effects on the elastic and collagen fiber systems and the influence of the thyroid hormone on bone development and metabolism. The Program is currently graded 4 in the CAPES evaluation.
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN PHARMACOLOGY
The Graduate course in Pharmacology of the Institute of Biomedical Sciences of Universidade de São Paulo was created in December 1977, at the master’s level, and accredited by the Federal Council of Education in 1981. The Graduate course at Doctorate level was established on June 9, 1981.
The objective of the Graduate course is to produce researchers and professors in Pharmacology. Research in this area encompasses knowledge in Biological and Biomedical Sciences. For this purpose, the course has 25 professors in different specialties, and the Graduate course currently offers 19 disciplines.
Today the program has 56 students, with 16 at Master’s level and 40 at Doctorate level. The time to degree attainment among the students from the Department of Pharmacology in the period (2004) averaged 29 months for the Master’s degree and 50 months for the Doctorate with Master’s degree.
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
COMPARISON BETWEEN 1998-2000 AND 2001-2003
GRADUATE PROGRAM IN IMMUNOLOGY